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      (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov: ART>> Leningrad 80s • No.109 >>

(Е-Е) ЕВГЕНИЙ КОЗЛОВ • (E-E) EVGENIJ KOZLOV

Начальник Камчатки
Nachalnik Kamchatki / The Chief of Kamchatka

Oбложкa альбома группы КИНО (1984)
The Design of the Cover of KINO’s 1984 Album


AnTrop‘s 1984 Release and Moroz Records’ Plagiarism 1994-2012,
by Hannelore Fobo

AnTrop’s 2021 Release, by Hannelore Fobo (in English)

AnTrop 2021: Booklet by (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov (in Russian)

AnTrop 2021: Text by Oleg Kovriga (in Russian)

Postscript


Hannelore Fobo, April 2022





AnTrop 1984 and Moroz Records’s Plagiarism 1994-2012, by Hannelore Fobo

Notes: A shorter version of this chapter was first published in June 2019
Unless otherwise mentioned, reproductions of Moroz Records’ album covers were taken from Discogs.com external link>>




The website of Discogs.com lists thirty-one editions – reel-to-reel albums, cassettes, CDs, and LPs – of KINO's album Начальник КАМЧАТКИ / Nachalnik Kamchatki (The Chief of Kamchatka) for the period from 1984, when it was first released, up to December 2021 external link>>. The overwhelming majority of CDs, cassettes and LPs was produced by Moroz Records, a Moscow based label which owned the licence on KINO's music between the beginning of the 1990s and early 2018. The first and the last releases of the album, in 1984 and 2021, however, were by Andrey Tropillo, who had recorded the songs at his semi-legal Leningrad studio in 1984 under the label AnTrop.

All album covers were related, in one way or another, to (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov's original Nachalnik Kamchatki design of an LP cover, a beautfully painted two-sided photo-collage from 1984 with a picture of Yury Kasparan, Alexander Titov, Viktor Tsoy, and Georgy Guryanov, KINO’s core members at that time. E-E Kozlov selected this group portrait, to which he added a distant mountain as background, from approximately one hundred pictures he took fo create the cover design. The picture shows the four musicians in synchronised, dynamic movements, framed by a complex geometrical arrangement dominated by the diagonal lettering of the title of the album and the name of the band. The original draught for the KINO lettering sitll exists in Kozlov's archive. The artist’s detailed description of the compostion is available in Russian more>>.

(E-E) Evgenij Kozlov: КИНО Начальник КАМЧАТКИ / KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki Outer sleeve for an LP, mixed media on cardboard, front, ca. 31 x 31 cm, 1984 From left to right: Yury Kasparan, Alexander Titov, Viktor Tsoy, Georgy Guryanov. Copyright note inserted into the digital picture

(E-E) Evgenij Kozlov: КИНО Начальник КАМЧАТКИ / KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki
Outer sleeve for an LP, mixed media on cardboard, front, ca. 31 x 31 cm, 1984
From left to right: Yury Kasparan, Alexander Titov, Viktor Tsoy, Georgy Guryanov.
Copyright note inserted into the digital picture


(E-E) Evgenij Kozlov: Кино «Начальник КАМЧАТКИ» / KINO "Nachalnik Kamchatki" Outer sleeve for an LP, mixed media on cardboard, back, ca. 31 x 31 cm, 1984 Copyright note inserted into the digital picture
(E-E) Evgenij Kozlov: Кино «Начальник КАМЧАТКИ» / KINO "Nachalnik Kamchatki"
Outer sleeve for an LP, mixed media on cardboard, back, ca. 31 x 31 cm, 1984
Copyright note inserted into the digital picture



With the 1984 AnTrop release, (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov's original Nachalnik Kamchatki LP cover design first appeared in an extremely simplfied version, as black-and-white photographic reproduction. It took another thirty-seven years before this work could be fully appreciated in a digitally restaured version for AnTrop‘s double album from December 2021 see introduction>>.

Moroz Records‘ main releases took place in 1994, 1996, and 2012, the other ones being variations or re-editions of these three. All cover designs were strongly influenced by E-E Kozlov‘s original cover. Actually, speaking of "influence" isn't quite correct. "Plagiarism" seems to be a more adequate term – "plagiarism“ with a strong sense of "bad copying", simplyfying or even distorting the original idea. As a matter of fact, Moroz Records never tried to contact the artist to discuss the lay-out with him. The company just exploited E-E Kozlov's concept, thus avoiding paying him royalties.




1984 AnTrop, reel-to-reel

For Leningrad underground bands like KINO, Andrey Tropillo's semi-legal studio was probably the best place to record their albums, which were then copied on reel-to-reel tape desks and distributed as magnitizdat (or reel-to-reel) albums.

Private apartment in Leningrad equipped for copying records to tapes. Kozlov took this picture in 1979/1980. Copying Western music was an illegal but profitable business. The gentleman in the right corner wishes not to be recognised. Photo: (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov.

Private apartment in Leningrad equipped for copying records to tapes. Kozlov took this picture
in 1979/1980. Copying Western music was an illegal but profitable business.
The gentleman in the right corner wishes not to be recognised. Photo: (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov.



Boris Grebenshikov, leader of the band Aquarium, and already established as a singer-songwriter by the time KINO had their first gigs at the Leningrad Rock-Club, helped the band to record their songs at Tropillo's studio more about Aquarium's magnitizdat albums>>.

Andrey Tropillo (right) and Boris Grebenshikov in Tropillo‘s studio during a recording with Aquarium. Photo: Andrey “Willy” Usov, 1981.

Andrey Tropillo (right) and Boris Grebenshikov in Tropillo‘s studio during a recording with Aquarium.
Photo: Andrey “Willy” Usov, 1981.



One of the early KINO albums was Начальник Камчатки (Nachalnik Kamchatki / The Chief of Kamchatki) from 1984. The history of the original album cover is quite interesting. Although “Nachalnik Kamchatki” was, of course, released as a magnitizdat or reel-to-reel album, artist (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov created a vinyl record cover for it, a collage with his own picture from a photo shoot he had arranged with Kino members for this specific purpose. Later, to celebrate the release of the magnitizdat album, he organised a performance with a “fake” vinyl record inside the real cover.
see also>>

Fashion performance with Katya Selitskaya celebrating the release of Kino's album “Nachalnik Kamchatki”.  On top of the glass table is Е-Е Kozlov's LP sleeve with a “fake” vinyl record inserted. Painted photo by (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov, 1984.
Fashion performance with Katya Selitskaya celebrating the release of Kino's album “Nachalnik Kamchatki”.
On top of the glass table is Е-Е Kozlov's LP sleeve with a “fake” vinyl record inserted.
Painted photo by (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov, 1984.



Cover designs of magnitizdat boxes were typically created with photographic prints from black-and-white negatives. The 1984 magnitizdat box for the Nachalnik Kamchatki tape went with two different designs. One had a portrait of Tsoy on the cover and, on the reverse, a boy playing a Casio VL-Tone keyboard – an instrument actually used for the recording – completed by a list of songs.

KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki / Chief of Kamchakti. 1984 magnitizdat box Picture taken from one of the booklets for the 2021 release of the double album Andrey Tropillo's label AnTrop is on the reverse, bottom right. Courtesy Oleg Kovriga
KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki / The Chief of Kamchakti. 1984 magnitizdat box
Picture taken from one of the booklets for the 2021 release of the double album
Andrey Tropillo's label
AnTrop is on the reverse, bottom right.
The Sergey Chubraev Collection

The other design used Kozlov's cover, more precisely, black-and-white reproductions of both sides displaying extremely sharp light-dark contrasts. Like in the first example, there is no no line-up of musicians, and the name of the artist is not inlcuded either, but the reverse is provided with AnTrop's label, which became an official label only in 1991.

KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki / The Chief of Kamchakti. 1984 magnitizdat box with black and white reproductions of E-E Kozlov's original album cover, front and reverse Andrey Tropillo's label AnTrop is on the reverse, top right. The Sergey Chubraev Collection KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki / The Chief of Kamchakti. 1984 magnitizdat box with black and white reproductions of E-E Kozlov's original album cover, front and reverse Andrey Tropillo's label AnTrop is on the reverse, top right. The Sergey Chubraev Collection
KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki / The Chief of Kamchakti. 1984 magnitizdat box
with black and white reproductions of E-E Kozlov's original album cover, front and reverse
Andrey Tropillo's label
AnTrop is on the reverse, top right.
The Sergey Chubraev Collection




1994 - Moroz Records, CD, MC

(E-E) Evgenij Kozlov's original album sleeve remained with Georgy Guryanov, a great admirer of Kozlov's works and portraits. Using one of Kozlov's pictures from the 1984 photo shoot, Guryanov repainted the musician's facial features, which made them look like caricatures of themselves. Moroz Records used this picture for a 1994 CD and cassette release, for which the company also copied E-E Kozlov's geometrical design, perhaps adapted from the original sleeve. On the other hand, given the fact that the CD layout misses important details of the collage, it might be an interpretation of the black-and white-reproduction from the magnitizdat box. Another possible source is Joanna Stingray's photograph of Viktor Tsoy holding Kozlov LP cover, which Moroz Records used after 1996 (see below).

Later Guryanov admitted to E-E Kozlov that he very much regretted having chosen his own work instead of E-E‘s for this production.

KINO, Nachalnik Kamchatki, CD, Moroz records, 1994 Cover design with a simplified version of Kozlov's original cover using Georgy Guryanov's painted photo by (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov

KINO, Nachalnik Kamchatki, CD, Moroz records, 1994
Cover design with a simplified version of Kozlov's original cover
using Georgy Guryanov's painted photo by (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov



New print from 2000 of(E-E) Evgenij Kozlov‘s picture from 1984 From left to right: Viktor Tsoy, Yury Kasparyan, Alexander Titov, Georgy Guryanov

New print from 2000 of (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov‘s picture from 1984
From left to right: Viktor Tsoy, Yury Kasparyan, Alexander Titov, Georgy Guryanov



KINO, Nachalnik Kamchatki, CD, Moroz records, 1994 The back cover design making use of the geometricity and dotted lines of E-E-Kozlov's original sleeve.

KINO, Nachalnik Kamchatki, CD, Moroz records, 1994
The back cover design making use of the geometricity and dotted lines
of E-E-Kozlov's original sleeve.


KINO, Nachalnik Kamchatki, CD, Moroz records, 1994 Reverse of the booklet with E-E Kozlov's lettering of KINO inverted, copying the idea of the inverted silhouettes from Kozlov's design for the reverse of the sleeve

KINO, Nachalnik Kamchatki, CD, Moroz records, 1994
Reverse of the booklet with E-E Kozlov's lettering of
KINO inverted,
copying the idea of the inverted silhouettes from Kozlov's design for the reverse of the sleeve.


KINO, Nachalnik Kamchatki, cassette edition, Moroz records, 1994 Cover design using Georgy Guryanov's painted photo by (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov (1984) combining it with a simplified version of Kozlov's original cover from 1984

KINO, Nachalnik Kamchatki, cassette edition, Moroz records, 1994
Cover design using Georgy Guryanov's painted photo by (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov (1984)
combining it with a simplified version of Kozlov's original cover from 1984





1996/2012 –– Moroz Records, CD, MC

Starting in 1996, Moroz Records released the album again a number of times on cassette and CD, now using Joanna Stingray‘s picture of Viktor Tsoy holding (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov‘s album sleeve; the picture is from the mid-1980s. Successive releases show the cover design with slight variations regarding sales and distribution, but up to 2012, it basically remained the same.

CD cover of KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki front, offset print on paper,12.5 x 14.3 cm Moroz records, 1998 The note insidе thе blue corner restricts sales to Russia and CIS (СНГ) The Kozlov & Fobo Collection, Berlin
CD cover of KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki
front, offset print on paper,12.5 x 14.3 cm
Moroz records, 1998
The note insidе thе blue corner restricts sales to Russia and CIS (СНГ)
The Kozlov & Fobo Collection, Berlin


Viktor Tsoy holding (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov‘s LP sleeve for Nachalnik Kamchatki. Photo: Joanny Stingray, mid-1980s
Viktor Tsoy holding (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov‘s LP sleeve for Nachalnik Kamchatki.
Photo: Joanny Stingray, mid-1980s



Comparing the CD cover with Stingray’s picture, it can be clearly seen that the picture’s overexposed section with the Nachalnik Kamchatki sleeve has been re-designed for the CD cover to get it closer to E-E Kozlov's original work.

The reverse of the CD box has a reproduction of Timur Novikov's portrait of Viktor Tsoy from the 1980s, while the reverse of the booklet takes up the main features of E-E Kozlov's original back cover – the inverted silhouettes of the musicians framed by a "window" – but without the song titles. In all likelihood, two sources inspired these features. One of the sources is the reproduction of Kozlov’s sleeve on the 1984 magnitizdat album, as demonstrated by a blue application covering the place where Tropillo's label is in the magnitizdat album. The other source is Kozlov’s original collage, from which the geometrical design of the border area (left and bottom) was taken.


CD cover of KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki reverse of booklet, offset print on paper, 12.5 x 14.3 cm Moroz records, 1998 The Kozlov & Fobo Collection, Berlin

CD cover of KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki
Reverse of booklet, offset print on paper, 12.5 x 14.3 cm
Moroz records, 1998
The Kozlov & Fobo Collection, Berlin

KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki / The Chief of Kamchakti. 1984 magnitizdat box, reverse Simplified black and white reproduction of E-E Kozlov's original cover design, reverse with Andrey Tropillo's logotype top right. The Sergey Chubraev Collection

KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki / The Chief of Kamchakti. 1984 magnitizdat box, reverse
Simplified black and white reproduction of E-E Kozlov's original cover design, reverse
with Andrey Tropillo's logotype top right.
The Sergey Chubraev Collection



Detail from the 1998 CD booklet Фото — Анатолий Азанов и из архива / Photo: Anatoly Azanov and from the archive Художники — Тимур Новиков, Евгений Козлов / Artists: Timur Novikov, Evgenij Kozlov

Detail from the 1998 CD booklet
Фото — Анатолий Азанов и из архива / Photo: Anatoly Azanov and from the archive
Художники — Тимур Новиков, Евгений Козлов / Artists: Timur Novikov, Evgenij Kozlov


Concerning the photopgraphs on the cover and inside the booklet, the following information is given:
Anatoly Azanov and from the archive
The booklet also mentions Timur Novikov and Evgenij Kozlov as artists,

Besides, a complete line-up of ten musicians is also included in the booket. KINO‘s four core members were supported by Boris Grebenshikov, Sergey Kuryokhin, Peter Trashenkov, Vsevolod Gakkel, Igor Butman, and Alexander Bashlachev.



Kino Nachalnik Kamchatki T-shirt sold through best4u.com.ua

Kino Nachalnik Kamchatki T-shirt sold through best4u.com.ua

Some years ago, the same picture appeared on a T-shirt sold by the Ukranian company best4u.com.ua, but when I checked the website again in 2022, it was no longer available (although there are another thirty-three T-shirts of Viktor Tsoy and KINO external link).





2012 –– Moroz Records, LP

In 2006, a friend of ours took pictures of both sides of E-E Kozlov's original LP sleeve at Georgy Guryanov's flat, using a 36 mm negative colour film. He shot them with a flash, which led to overexposure of the left border of the collage, more precisely, of the paper cut-out displaying a crowd of people set against a black background. In this way, the figures in the upper part of the cut-out are no longer distinguishable, and part of the black background has been "whitened". We still decided to publish the image on our website on the occasion of THE RAW, THE COOKED, THE PACKAGED The Archives of Perestroika Art, an exhibition at the Kiasma, Helsinki, which opened in late 2007 more >>. From this moment on, pictures of the original cover traveled the widths and depths of the internet, typically without E-E Kozlov's name, but easy to recognise because of the overexposed spot. They can be seen, for instance, on Wikipedia (Russian external link and English). I later inserted Evgenij Kozlov's copyright into the pictures displayed on our website.

This overexposed feature also characterises Moroz Records' 2012 release of a first vinyl record of Nachalnik Kamchatki, which makes it highly plausible that the company copied the picture on our website and not the cover itself. The design faithfully reproduces Kozlov's lettering – including the colours of the letters – and the geometrical lay-out with dotted lines. Yet a different photo is used as centre-piece, Alexander Boyko‘s group portrait of the same four musicians, Yury Kasparan, Alexander Titov, Viktor Tsoy, and Georgy Guryanov.

The photo below, published in the internet, was shot at the exhibtion "ASSA", organized by Sergei Bugaev in St. Petersburg, May/June 2013. Read more about "ASSA">>.

КИНО «Начальник КАМЧАТКИ» - KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz records, LP, 2012, LP cover with Alexander Boyko’ group portrait of Georgy Guryanov, Yury Kasparan, Viktor Tsoy, and Alexander Titov
КИНО «Начальник КАМЧАТКИ» - KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz records, LP, 2012,
LP cover with Alexander Boyko’ group portrait of
Georgy Guryanov, Yury Kasparan, Viktor Tsoy, and Alexander Titov



Кино «Начальник КАМЧАТКИ» - KINO "Nachalnik Kamchatki", Moroz records, 2012, cover

КИНО «Начальник КАМЧАТКИ» - KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz records, LP, 2012, cover
Picture taken from an article dedicated to the history of the music of Nachalnik Kamchatki,
published without the author's name on 18 March 2018
external link>>



Like E-E Kozlov's pictures, Alexander Boyko's pictures of Leningrad artists and musicians have become quite popular in Russia, where they are frequently published – with or without the photographer's name (more about Alexander Boyko's pictures>>). Yet I doubt that Boyko himself was involved in the project, since photographic prints of his works exist in several private Russian collections, and in 2012, Boyko was no longer living in Russia. I assume that E-E Kozlov's original picture would have been Moroz Records‘s first choice, but although E-E's pictures are also in may private collections, I've never seen this particular one anywhere. If my assumption is correct, then Boyko's picture was an alternative to E-E Kozlov's, since both artists took them around the same.

Plagiarism is even more flagrant with respect to the reverse side of the record sleeve: other than the 1996 production, it also uses E-E Kozlov’s lettering for the song titles. Regarding the colours, It is a dull copy of the original, although it takes up, from the 1996 layout, the yellow colour Moroz Records’ designers "invented" for the frame around the figures. There is actually one feature that wasn't copied: Kozlov’s name.The artist inserted обложка — Е. Козлов (cover – E. Kozlov) below Tsoy’s name at the lower right border of the original collage, but it isn't on Moroz Records’ cover. Instead, there is copyright note stating Все правы защищены, that is, "All rights reserved".

(E-E) Evgenij Kozlov: КИНО «Начальник КАМЧАТКИ» KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, LP sleeve, reverse, 1984, Photo from 2006 Bottom right: песни — В. Цой (songs – V. Tsoy) обложка — Е. Козлов (cover – E. Kozlov) Copyright note inserted into the digital picture

(E-E) Evgenij Kozlov: КИНО «Начальник КАМЧАТКИ»
KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, LP sleeve, reverse, 1984, Photo from 2006
Bottom right: песни — В. Цой (songs – V. Tsoy)
обложка — Е. Козлов (cover – E. Kozlov)
Copyright note inserted into the digital picture


Кино «Начальник КАМЧАТКИ» - KINO "Nachalnik Kamchatki", Moroz records, back cover, 2012

КИНО «Начальник КАМЧАТКИ» - KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki
Moroz Records, LP, back cover, 2012



KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz Records, LP, back cover, 2012 Detail with copyright note at the lower left corner Все правы защищены, ("All rights reserved")

KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz Records, LP, back cover, 2012
Detail with copyright note at the lower left corner Все правы защищены, ("All rights reserved")


KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz Records, 2012, LP with gatefold sleeve, unfolded.

KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz Records, 2012, LP with gatefold sleeve, unfolded. Below: detail with with technical information The last line reads Фото и графические материялы из ариха В. Цоя / Picture and graphic design materials from the archive of V. Tsoy.

KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz Records, 2012, LP with gatefold sleeve, unfolded.
Below: detail with with technical information
The last line reads Фото и графические материялы из ариха В. Цоя
/ Picture and graphic design materials from the archive of V. Tsoy.



The sleeve was produced as a gatefold LP, which, when opened, displays a picture of a KINO performance, a text by Alexander Kushnir, the line-up of musicians, and some technical information, such as a note Фото и графические материялы из ариха В. Цоя / Picture and graphic design materials from the archive of V. Tsoy. But again, it has no mention of Evgenij Kozlov‘s name. From here it follows that Moroz Records, which had acknowledged E-E Kozlov's contribution before, albeit using it without his permission, had now removed the artist's name altogether.

By 2012, Russian editors had became aware of copyright issues, and my conclusion is that Moroz Records, to be on the safe side, decided not to mention Kozlov at all. In fact, had the artist opted for claiming his legal rights in a court, he would have first had to prove that he was actually the author of the original album cover. Given the fact that he merely owned a photographic reproduction of it, this might have been difficult.





2017 –– Moroz Records, LP

For a re-release of the LP in 2017, Moroz Record returned once more to the design of the 1996 CD and cassette with Joanna Stingray's picture as front cover and Timur Novikov's portrait of Tsoy as back cover.

KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz Records, LP, 2017 Front cover with a reproduction of Joanna Stingray’s picture from the mid-1980s of Viktor Tsoy holding (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov’s LP sleeve. KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz Records, LP, 2017 back cover with a reproduction of Timur Novikov’s portrait of Viktor Tsoy from the 1980s.

KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz Records, LP, 2017
Front cover with a reproduction of Joanna Stingray’s picture from the mid-1980s of Viktor Tsoy holding (E-E) Evgenij Kozlov’s LP sleeve.
KINO Nachalnik Kamchatki, Moroz Records, LP, 2017
Back cover with a reproduction of Timur Novikov’s portrait of Viktor Tsoy from the 1980s.

Detail of the gatefold cover (inside). The last two lines, bottom right, mention the authors of the artworks портрет Виктора Цоя — Тимур Новиков (Portrait of Viktor Tsoy – Timur Novikov) [дизайн] обложки альбома — Евгений Козлов (Album cover [design] – Evgenij Kozlov)

Detail of the gatefold cover (inside). The last two lines, bottom right, mention the authors of the artworks
портрет Виктора Цоя — Тимур Новиков (Portrait of Viktor Tsoy – Timur Novikov)
[дизайн] обложки альбома — Евгений Козлов (Album cover [design] – Evgenij Kozlov)




Accordingly, the album also mentions both artists again – inside the gatefold, where, otherwise, the layout is the same as in the 2012. edition. The reproduction of the text on Discogs.com is very small, but it still allows to read Timur Novikov's and Evgenij Kozlov's names at the end of the last two lines.

Whether this "recycled" cover design was thought to be commercially more successful than the one from 2012, or whether it was chosen to avoid the copyright issues of the 2012 release I cannot say. At any rate, it was the last one of Moroz Records' releases, because in 2018, Viktor Tsoy's heirs, having won proceedings against the company, started collaborating with Maschina Records – which led to another copyright conflict, but this time relating to the music, not to the cover design of Nachalnik Kamchatki. More precisley, it led to a conflict with Andrey Tropillo's rights on the recording. A more detailed account of this conflict is given in the next chapter – the introduction to the booklet for the 2021 Nachalnik Kamchatki release by AnTrop more>>.

Hannelore Fobo, 22 April 2022.
A shorter version of this article was first published in June 2019



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Uploaded 22 April 2022